Inflation to Normalise in 2022
From “Low and Rising” to “High and Falling”
In 2021, the fiscal stimulus – first used by households and companies as precautionary savings, then as consumption – added a demand effect to the initial supply shock, resulting in a monumental inflation surprise. Our Nowcasters, combined with a thorough analysis of the post-Covid supply chain – which exhibited low inventories and an overdependence on certain geographical areas and specific components – revealed at a very early stage that the risk of a supply shock would be the most important factor for inflation in 2021. This reflation narrative has persisted over the last twelve months, morphing into a full-blown “inflation” story, with real assets outperforming growth assets and most fixed income products delivering negative returns for the first time in a while.
Will inflation continue to soar in 2022?
We do not believe it will, as next year should be the year of inflation normalisation. As such, our central scenario for 2022 calls for an easing in supply bottlenecks, lower growth, and a tighter policy mix, which in turn should weigh on inflation momentum. The inflation thematic, which has unleashed a significantly large and broad rotation in 2021, is unlikely to persist, as a commensurate rise of its most volatile contributors in 2022 looks implausible from these levels. Indeed, food, energy and other commodities are responsible for over half of headline inflation this year while less volatile components such as shelter and medical care grew at an elevated but more sustainable pace and only contributed 1.9% to the 6.2% y/y rise in the CPI. Absent an extraordinary surge in these core components, food and energy prices would need to see another upswing like the one in 2021 to keep inflation at these levels, implying oil trading at over 125 USD/bl. Indeed, market pricing suggests that commodity prices are set to fall in 2022, which aligns with lower demand and increased supply expected next year.
Our Core View for Next Year: Inflation Normalizes
In 2022, monitoring real rates and the US yield curve will be key to assess to what extent the expected tightening by the world’s major central banks could derail the bullish trend in both earnings growth and returns for growth and real assets. A combination of faster tapering and inflation deceleration would push real rates higher and would weigh on valuations for growth-oriented assets.
As a result, we see next year as more challenging for beta, hampered by tighter financial conditions combined with waning fiscal and monetary support, as well as higher growth uncertainty due to the uneven sanitary crisis.
Against that backdrop, we would prefer:
- Quality segments in equities that offer solid earnings growth and higher visibility in terms of profitability
- US equities versus the rest of the world thanks to higher flexibility in the US policy mix and its corporate leadership
in key sectors
- A US Dollar that should benefit from stronger US GDP and higher liquidity in its capital markets, both of which should drive flows into US assets
- We would also be less exposed to real assets than we were in 2021, as current pricing in both inflation breakevens and energy prices reflect a durable expansion period in the global cycle, which in our view, given the potential headwinds identified for next year, is now too optimistic.
What if we are wrong?
We see two potential scenarios that could derail our core views for 2022:
1. The dreaded “Monetary Policy Mistake”
In this scenario, inflation peaks later than we anticipated, leading central banks to tighten earlier and more than expected. Worse, central banks could slam on the breaks even sooner, shifting to a narrative of “durable” inflation, even though it has already peaked and is starting to fall. As a result, bond yields would rise across the board, punishing growth assets, triggering a vicious cycle of position liquidation and deleveraging.
2. Covid lingers, gets worse
Vaccine effectiveness could wane, new and more dangerous variants would appear, leading to increased lockdowns and restrictions on a global scale. Households and companies would then pull back into “precautionary savings” mode, while central banks start stimulating massively again to avoid deflation and cascading defaults, pushing bond yields significantly lower. Meanwhile, governments ramp up fiscal stimulus again, issuing huge amounts of debt.
Figure 1: Risk scenario
What if we are wrong?
Two alternative scenarios that would challenge our core view
Figure 2: 2022 Asset Allocation views
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